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Table of Contents

List of Figures

Acknowledgements

Introduction

History of Oklahoma Highway Bridges

The Historic Bridges of Oklahoma

Endnotes

Bibliography

Appendices


Endnotes

A fuller discussion of the evaluation process is available in the "Oklahoma Historic Bridge Preservation and Management Plan."  This is a separate document prepared for ODOT as part of the historic bridge project.

  1. William Paul Corbett, "Oklahoma's Highways: Indian Trails To Urban Expressways" (Ph.D. diss., Oklahoma State University, 1982), 11-16.
  2. John W. Morris, Charles R. Goins, and Edwin C. McReynolds, Historical Atlas of Oklahoma, 3d ed. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986), Map 27.
  3. Corbett, "Oklahoma Highways," 73-77, 121.
  4. Morris, Goins, and McReynolds, Historical Atlas, Map 24.
  5. Individual articles on several of these trails appear in W. Edwin Derrick and James Smallwood, eds., "Highways of Adventure: Transportation Frontiers in Oklahoma," Red River Valley Historical Review 6 (Summer 1981).
  6. Interview with Andrew Jackson Berryhill, Indian-Pioneer Papers, Vol. 14, 500-03. Indian Archives Division, Oklahoma Historical Society.
  7. "The New Route to the Gulf," Sturm's Oklahoma Magazine 9 (1910): 34-35, 41. Original appeared in Scribner's Magazine, c1874; Interview with Graham E. Lowdermilk, Indian-Pioneer Papers, Vol. 33, 408-09.
  8. Interview with D. Emdsley Jones, Indian-Pioneer Papers, Vol. 31, 365.
  9. Bryan County, "Commissioner Minutes," January 6, 1913.
  10. Interviews with: John G. Talley, Vol. 10, 289-90; David B. Lewis, Vol. 61, 218-21; and W. B. Morrison, Vol. 71, 447-48, Indian-Pioneer Papers.
  11. A. C. Titus, "Public Highways," in Report of the Governor of Oklahoma for 1904 (Washington: 1905), 65.
  12. Sidney Suggs, "Uncle Sam Must Listen," Oklahoma Highways 1 (April 1912): 19.
  13. William P. Corbett, "Men, Mud and Mules: The Good Roads Movement in Oklahoma, 1900-1910," Chronicles of Oklahoma 58 (Summer 1980): 138-40.
  14. Engineering Record 45 (February 8, 1902): 140.
  15. News Clipping from St. Louis Globe-Democrat (March 2, 1912), Bridge Folder, Fred S. Barde Collection, Indian Archives, Oklahoma Historical Society.
  16. Logan County, "Commissioner Minutes," January, 1901.
  17. Shannon Miller, The First 50 Years, 1918-1968 (Dallas: The Austin Bridge Company, 1974), 3.
  18. Thomas Curtis Clarke, "American Supremacy in Bridge Building," in Robert M. LaFollette, ed., The Making of America. Vol. 4. (Chicago: DeBower, Chapline & Co., 1907): 397.
  19. Leon E. Maxey, "Building an Oklahoma Steel Company," Harlow's Weekly 26 (September 17, 1927): 4-6; Oklahoma Professional Engineer 3 (May 1949): 13.
  20. Rex F. Harlow, comp., Makers of Government in Oklahoma (Oklahoma City: Harlow Publishing Co., 1930), 474.
  21. "Building Bridges in Oklahoma," Harlow's Weekly 24 (August 29, 1925): 8, 13.
  22. Frederick S. Barde, "The Good Roads Movement in Oklahoma," Sturm's Oklahoma Magazine 8 (March-August 1909): 33-37; Sidney Suggs, "The Tin Bridge Trust," Oklahoma Highways 1 (September 1912): 6.
  23. In one instance a county commissioner moved that "all bids be rejected for the reason, that in his opinion the bidders are entered into a combined[sic] and in consequence the bids are all to[sic] high." Logan County, "Commissioner Minutes," April 1905.
  24. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Department of Highways Third Annual Report of the State Engineer (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1917), 6; "Bridge Builders and Highway Bridges" in Letters to the Editor, Engineering News-Record 89 (September 28, 1922): 533.
  25. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Biennial Report of the Department of Highways, State of Oklahoma, January 1, 1913 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1913): 14-15.
  26. L. R. Ash, "New Arkansas River Bridge at Tulsa," Oklahoma Society of Engineers 3 (1917): 14-18.
  27. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Report of the State Highway Commission for the Years 1929 to 1930 Inclusive (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1930), 50.
  28. Ibid., 52.
  29. Corbett, "Oklahoma Highways," 203-07; Highway Department, Third Annual Report (1917), 6.
  30. Highway Department, Third Annual Report (1917), 9-10.
  31. Oklahoma State Highway Department, "Annual Report of Department of Highways State of Oklahoma for Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1919." Typed copy. (February 24, 1920), 3.
  32. Oklahoma State Highway Department, "2nd Annual Report, Office of State Engineer." Typed. (December 1, 1916), 7-8.
  33. Highway Department, Third Annual Report (1917), 9-10.
  34. Daily Oklahoman(Oklahoma City), July 31, 1938.
  35. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Report of the State Highway Commission for the Years 1925 to 1926 Inclusive (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1927), 102.
  36. File folder, FAP #1, Bridge Division Office, Oklahoma Department of Transportation, Oklahoma City; Max L. Cunningham, "Federal Aid Projects," Oklahoma Highway Bulletin 1 (November 1919).
  37. Daily Oklahoman, May 25, 1922; Hughes County, "Commissioner Minutes," June 1919.
  38. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Annual Report of the State Highway Commission for the Years 1919 to 1924 Inclusive (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1925), 43.
  39. Daily Oklahoman, December 18, 1921.
  40. Highway Department, Report for 1925 and 1926, 102-05.
  41. J. A. L. Waddell, Bridge Engineering (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1925), 1, 478.
  42. State engineers considered the thirty-eight camelbacks connected together at Bridgeport on Route 66 to be the "most pretentious bridge engineering project ever undertaken" by the highway commission. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Report of the State Highway Commission for the Years 1931 to 1932 Inclusive (Oklahoma City; n.p., 1932), 49-50.
  43. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Report of the State Highway Commission for the Years 1927 to 1928 Inclusive (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1928), 38.
  44. U. S. Russell, "Oklahoma Battles With the Cement Trust," Harlow's Weekly 36 (February 1, 1930): 10.
  45. Highway Department, Report for 1925 and 1926, i.
  46. Bartlesville Enterprise, July 21, 1957.
  47. Corbett, "Oklahoma Highways," 240-46.
  48. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Biennial Report of the Oklahoma State Highway Commission for the Calendar Years 1937-1938 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1938), 53.
  49. Ibid., 55-63.
  50. Waddell, 1,478.
  51. Frederick Jones, "Fifty Year Dream Comes True," Daily Oklahoman, July 31, 1938; Grand River Dam Authority, "Grand River Project--Pensacola Dam." (1938), contract and specifications. The "sailboat" name is said to come from its graceful appearance.
  52. "Toll Bridge History, and Moves by Legislature for Their Elimination," Harlow's Weekly 34 (June 8, 1929): 6-8, 12; Bernice Norman Crockett, "Across the Muddy Red," Chronicles of Oklahoma 61 (Winter 1983-1984): 340-63.
  53. "Speaking of Pictures," Life Magazine 5 (November 21, 1938): 11.
  54. Corbett,"Oklahoma Highways," 246-47; Oklahoma State Highway Department, Biennial Report of the State Highway Commission for the Period Ending June 30, 1942 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1942), 91-92.
  55. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Biennial Report of the State Highway Commission for the Period Ending June 30, 1944 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1944), 17-23, 98-99. Among the casualties of wartime scrap drives was an unusual and ornate lenticular iron truss bridge in Platt National Park, now the Chickasaw National Recreational Area at Sulphur.
  56. Ibid., 99.
  57. Oklahoma State Highway Department, Biennial Report of the State Highway Commission for the Period Ending June 30, 1946 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1946), 23.
  58. Corbett, "Oklahoma Highways," 248-59.
  59. Oklahoma State Highway Department,Biennial Report of the Oklahoma State Highway Commission for the Period Ending June 30, 1940 (Oklahoma City: n. p., 1940), 103-07.
  60. David Plowden, Bridges: The Spans of North America (New York: Viking, 1974), 171.



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